The History of the CB-Meter

Adapted from an article
by Gregory Mitchell

Today the Clearing Biofeedback Meter is one of the simplest and most effective tools of modem psychological research, but historically it was also one of the first. Its development and use has grown from its first beginnings in 1888, when Tarchinoff discovered the phenomenon of skin resistance. He found that a person’s resistance to the passage of a tiny electric current through hand held electrodes would vary according to the subject’s emotional state. The simple psycho-galvonometer he invented to investigate this phenomenon was one of the earliest tools of psychological research.

One of its earliest applications was in the work of Wilhelm Wundt in his Leipzig laboratory in the late 1890’s, where he used an early form of CB-Meter to measure body electricity, as part of his line of research known as psychophysics.

…we are restricted from realizing more than a fraction of our full potential, because of the repressed negative content of the unconscious mind…

The modern CB-Meter, or Clearing Biofeedback Meter, is a specialized form of biofeedback device: an electronic instrument designed to measure mental state and changes of mental state accurately and quickly. It is a modified version of what is known to psychologists as the psycho-galvonometer, which measures the relative magnitude of the electrodermal orienting response, that is, the changes of skin resistance that occur when external stimuli are applied to a subject.

A basic axiom of psychoanalysis as originated by Freud is that we are restricted from realizing more than a fraction of our full potential, because of the repressed negative content of the unconscious mind: negative fears, resentments, motivations and dislikes. Although much of this unconscious content may have been correct at the time it was formed, this content is often no longer valid from the viewpoint of an adult. When the content is made conscious and confronted by the adult mind, it dissolves and loses its power to restrain thought and action, and there is release of positive creative energy.

The CB-Meter is one of the most effective diagnostic tools in locating this negative content-a real time saver. The therapist does not have to spend years of blind probing to find out the root of a problem. With the CB-Meter he can tune into and identify any negative energy, then discharge it.

The first reference to the use of this instrument in psychoanalytic research is in the book by Carl Gustav Jung, Studies in Word Analysis, published in 1906. Here the Swiss psychologist describes a technique of connecting the subject, via hand electrodes, to an instrument measuring changes in the resistance of the skin, while words are read to him from a prepared list. If a word on this list was emotionally charged, there was change in body resistance, causing a deflection of the needle of the galvanometer. Thus, Jung worked on locating and discharging negative unconscious material.

The CB-Meter is one of the most effective diagnostic tools in locating this negative content-a real time saver.

This method of research, which Jung had been using at least since the early 1900’s, was again referred to in a basic psychology text of 1926 entitled Experimental Psychology, by Mary Collins and James Dreaver, lecturers in psychology at the University of Edinburgh. Also at this time other early psychologists were researching the electrical characteristics of emotion and thought. Semon, in his book The Mneme (circa 1915) defines an engram as the permanent change produced within an organism from a stimulus, wherein a trace of the experience of that stimulus is “written on” the organism and forms part of memory. When the stimulus is repeated, the energy which it sets free flows through this new engram with the result that it takes a more or less different path, and consequently leads to a more or less different form of reaction. Knowledge of these findings was widespread in the 1920’s. They are referred to again in a classroom text called The Psychology of the Thinker by l.B. Saxby, Lecturer in Education at the University College, Cardiff.

However, the early psycho-galvonometer was not at all simple to use, because it had no amplification. It remained as a specialized laboratory instrument only, until the development of more sophisticated amplifiers in the 1930’s. Its use in specialized laboratory research in the fields of medicine and psychiatry continues to the present day. Electrodermal response is used in many areas of psychology and psychiatry, for example in the diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia, as evinced by A.S. Bemstein’s paper entitled “The Galvanic Skin Response Orienting Reflex in Chronic Schizophrenics” (Psychonomic Science l), and further publication of his research on electrodermal orienting and habituation in the treatment of schizophrenia done at Charing Cross Hospital Medical School was published in Psychological Medicine, Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Since the time of Jung and the other early researchers, a number of other biofeedback instruments have been invented, including the ElectroEncephalograph or EEG, which is used by a wide range of therapists and psychologists. For example, Janov used the EEG to evaluate the effectiveness of cathartic therapy, and, at the other end of the spectrum, osteopaths have used a modified form of skin resistance meter for diagnostic purposes.

As most early research in skin resistance phenomena was done in Germany, the war curtailed further development in these areas, apart from some work in America on lie-detectors. So it was not until the late 1940’s that some applications of an independent American researcher, Volney Mathieson, working with the polygraph lie-detector as used in courts of law, kindled a renewed interest in the earlier German work of Jung and others.

Now advances could be made in the technology of psychotherapy using the earlier discoveries that all fears, feelings and resentments in fact, all thought and emotion were electrical in nature. When a person was reminded of certain past events, or when a change of mood was induced in him/her, the needle in the detector would jump erratically; the degree of jump was in proportion to the strength of the unconscious reaction. In skilled hands the meter could be used to locate a particular content, the nature of that content, the location of that content in space and time, and the amount of force contained within it.

This work led to the development of the modem type of CB-Meter a type that has survived, with very little modification, until the present day. Specifically, this was a meter designed to simply and clearly register the mental and emotional response of a person to a word, question or situation, rather than as a lie-detector. The CB-Meter is several times as sensitive as the lie-detector and is able to indicate the intensity of response.

Volney Mathieson presented these ideas to Ron Hubbard, the inventor of Dianetics, in 1952. A version of the meter known as the E-Meter (Electro-psychoMeter) was later put into widespread use in Scientology and Dianetics, in conjunction with procedures which are essentially and recognizably Jungian.

In many modern types of Clearing the practitioner would use Jung’s method of presenting a list of words in conjunction with the meter. He would ask the subject under analysis to take hold of the meter electrodes, then he would read this list of words to him. Without fail, some of these words would trigger a response on the meter, sometimes violently. When this happened, the therapist would know that these words were associated with violent and negative fear or resentment, that had its origin in various unconscious thought complexes in the subject’s mind. Usually the subject was quite unaware that he was reacting on the meter in this way.

The therapist would record all words that produced erratic meter readings, then have the person talk about them. As the subject discussed his associations with a “charged” word, the meter would gradually become less erratic and settle down to a normal reading.

Once the locked-up energy has been discharged, the meter no longer responds to the word or concept under discussion. The complex or block had discharged, rather like discharging a car battery.

This entry was posted in Articles. Bookmark the permalink. Comments are closed, but you can leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

20 Trackbacks

  1. By Gigi Cesare Music Teen idol rock pop on January 8, 2018 at 4:21 am

    Gigi Cesare Music Teen idol rock pop

    […]we came across a cool internet site that you just may well appreciate. Take a appear should you want[…]

  2. By خرید vpn برای ایفون on January 8, 2018 at 7:54 am

    خرید vpn وی پی ان کریو

    Thanks for an additional insightful web web site. The location else could I get that sort of data composed in this sort of an perfect technique?I have a venture that I’m just now managing on, and I have been at the appear outfor these kinds of info.

  3. By خرید vpn فیلترشکن on January 8, 2018 at 9:13 am

    خرید vpn وی پی ان کریو

    Thanks for one more informative world wide web site. The location else could I get that type of data prepared in this kind of an perfect technique?I have a enterprise that I’m just now managing on, and I have been at the look outfor this sort of data.

  4. By خرید vpn on January 8, 2018 at 11:15 am

    خرید vpn

    Verify underneath, are some totally unrelated web-internet sites to ours, even so, they are most trustworthy sources that we use.

  5. By خرید وی پی ان اندروید on January 9, 2018 at 7:33 pm

    خرید vpn وی پی ان کریو

    Hey, I feel your site may well be obtaining browser compatibility troubles. When I seem at your weblog in Chrome, it appears fine but when opening in Web Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wished to give you a fast heads up! Other then that, gre…

  6. By best CRO for speciality Chemistry outsourcing on January 11, 2018 at 6:16 pm

    … [Trackback]

    […] Read More on|Read More|Read More Infos here|There you will find 95991 more Infos|Infos on that Topic: […]

  7. اپل ایدی

    Hi just needed to give you a short heads up and permit you know a couple of of the photographs aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking situation. I’ve experimented with it in two various world wide web browsers and equally…

  8. By شارژ اپل آیدی on January 12, 2018 at 12:25 pm

    اپل ایدی

    Do you have a spam difficulty on this weblog I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation several of us have designed some nice methods and we are seeking to trade methods with other people, why not shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  9. By buy kona coffee on January 12, 2018 at 4:34 pm

    buy kona coffee

    […]very couple of web-sites that occur to be in depth beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely worth checking out[…]

  10. By Kon coffee on January 12, 2018 at 10:49 pm

    Kon coffee

    […]usually posts some extremely fascinating stuff like this. If you?re new to this site[…]

  11. By خرید vpn on January 13, 2018 at 12:25 am

    خرید vpn

    listed here are some links to world wide web pages that we link to since we really feel they are genuinely worth browsing

  12. By طراحی سایت on January 13, 2018 at 8:08 pm

    طراحی سایت

    Create far more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it appears as though you relied on the video clip to make your stage. You naturally know what youre chatting about, why waste your intelligence on just putting up videos to your internet site when yo…

  13. By خرید vpn on January 14, 2018 at 12:42 am

    خرید vpn

    Hiya! Swift issue that is fully off topic. Do you know how to make your website cellular welcoming? My website seems to be unusual when viewing from my apple apple iphone. I’m striving to find a topic or plugin that may be capable to appropriate this c…

  14. By house for sale on January 14, 2018 at 6:50 am

    … [Trackback]

    […] Find More on|Find More|Read More Informations here|There you can find 58544 more Informations|Informations on that Topic: […]

  15. By هاست on January 15, 2018 at 5:10 am


    […]below you?ll uncover the link to some web sites that we consider you ought to visit[…]

  16. By K coffee on January 15, 2018 at 7:38 am

    K coffee

    […]Here is a superb Weblog You might Discover Fascinating that we Encourage You[…]

  17. By 100% pure coffee beans on January 15, 2018 at 11:07 am

    100% pure coffee beans

    […]here are some links to web pages that we link to mainly because we consider they are worth visiting[…]

  18. By persian setar on January 15, 2018 at 5:29 pm

    persian setar

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated information, nevertheless definitely worth taking a appear, whoa did one study about Mid East has got extra problerms too […]

  19. By خرید vpn on January 15, 2018 at 7:27 pm

    خرید vpn وی پی ان کریو

    Great website! Is your theme customized manufactured or did you down load it from someplace? A design like yours with a number of simple adjustements would genuinely make my blog stand out. Make sure you let me know exactly where you received your desi…

  20. By Read Full Report on January 16, 2018 at 1:16 am

    Read Full Report

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated information, nonetheless really really worth taking a appear, whoa did 1 discover about Mid East has got far more problerms as well […]

  • Sign up here to be notified about Email Newsletter icon, E-mail Newsletter icon, Email List icon, E-mail List icon

    • Upcoming Trainings and Workshops!
    • Free Teleseminars & Webinars
    • New Products!
    • Discounts
    Enter Your Email

    For Email Marketing you can trust