Biomonitoring as an Aid to Viewing

by Frank A. Gerbode, M.D.

Dr. Frank A. Gerbode is a physician, a psychiatrist, and was also trained in philosophy. He is the author of the book Beyond Psychology, an important and comprehensive work on Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR)–a style of clearing which is becoming widely known. He is the founder of the Institute for Research in Metapsychology, which has recently evolved into the Traumatic Incident Reduction Association (TIRA). In this article, Dr. Gerbode explains the utilization of the Clearing Biomonitor in TIR.

Various applications of metapsychology are intended to help a client improve the quality of her world of experience. In doing so, we must observe her carefully–her words, intonation, emotional state, and body language. We want to know when her attention is still focused on an issue she is addressing and when she has reached an “end point”–a point of resolution when she is feeling happy and relieved (see “Knowing When to Stop,” below). We also need to know when something catches her attention and interest, and for this we must depend on the viewer’s facial expression and, perhaps, a certain glint in her eye. While simple observation can go a long way toward finding out these sort of things about the viewer, it is helpful to have a “sixth sense” with which to augment ordinary perceptions. Galvanic skin response (GSR) provides additional indicators that are extremely helpful.

We also need a good theoretical base from which to operate, and a systematic and effective approach. Metapsychology–the science that unifies mental and physical experience and seeks to discover the rules that apply to both–provides the strong theoretical base. Viewing–an application of metapsychology consisting of an array of procedures a person can use to observe and modify her own experience–provides a workable approach. As a matter of terminology, we refer to the person who is working on observing and modifying her own experience as a “viewer,” since the main action she is engaged in is viewing. And the one who is helping to make the process of viewing easier for the viewer we call a “facilitator.” For simplicity, I will refer to the facilitator as “he” and the viewer as “she.”

The galvanic skin response meter (GSR meter) is probably the oldest biofeedback and biomonitoring device known, having first been described in 1888 by C.S. Fere, a French physician. Since then, it has been extensively used in psychotherapy. Carl Jung, for instance, used it in connection with word-association tests. It has also been used as one of the measurements taken in a polygraph (“lie-detector”) recording, and for assisting clients to learn how to relax. It has the advantage of being inexpensive, accurate, and easy to use, but only fairly recently has it been used to assist in facilitating the process of viewing.

Whenever we use a GSR meter, we use it as a biomonitoring device, rather than for biofeedback. The facilitator observes the viewer and the meter, and uses the data to decide what to do next in the session. The viewer needs all of her attention focused on the charged material she is viewing and would be distracted if the facilitator were to keep giving her feedback about what the meter was doing.

Description of the GSR meter

The GSR meter (Figure 1) works by measuring the electrical resistance from an electrode in contact with one part of the skin surface to another electrode on another part of the skin surface. The palms seem to work best as contact points, although other contact points can be used. Cylindrical, handheld electrodes seem to work best. A very small voltage (about 0.5-3.0 volts) is applied to the contacts, sending a tiny, imperceptible and harmless current through the body, and the resistance between the two contacts is measured. The resistance measured in this way varies widely–from about 600 ohms to over 200,000 ohms (Figure 2), depending on a number of factors. In most people, under ordinary circumstances, the resistance will be found to be in the range of 5000-15,000 ohms. Meters commonly used have a control that compensates for the baseline resistance, numbered rather arbitrarily to indicate the different possible baseline values (Figures 1 & 2). The meter also has a galvanometer circuit that drives a needle to display moment-to-moment fluctuations in resistance from the baseline. The baseline value is found by rotating the baseline control until the needle is pointing to a “set” position on the dial. GSR Meter Phenomena.

The GSR indicates the level of skin resistance and changes in that level. There are five major parameters to look for in reading a GSR meter (Figure 3):

  • 1. Galvanometer needle motion (rising or falling)
  • 2. Baseline motion (rising or falling)
  • 3. Baseline value (high or low)
  • 4. “Smoothness” of the needle (smooth or rough)
  • 5. Range of needle motion (tight or loose)
  • Skin resistance seems for the most part to be an indicator of awareness or alertness. An increase in alertness or awakeness is manifested by a fall in skin resistance. If the response is short lived and relatively minor, it shows up as a sudden fall in resistance, manifesting as a movement of the needle to the right. If the response is major and prolonged, we will see a major motion of the needle to the right that carries it completely off the dial, necessitating an adjustment of the baseline control to bring the needle back onto the dial. We call this a “baseline drop.”

    Baseline drops are not minor or subtle changes in skin resistance; it is not uncommon for the skin resistance to drop by a factor of five or six in a few seconds (Figure 3). Often the baseline will have to be lowered suddenly from, say, 4.5 to 2.5 in order to keep the viewer’s rapidly falling needle on the dial–a drop from 40,000 Ohms to 8,000 Ohms. In general, the larger and more prolonged the drop in skin resistance, the greater the alerting response is. The GSR meter does not really detect lies; it only detects changes in awareness.

    On the other hand, a rising skin resistance suggests that the viewer’s awareness is becoming clouded over; that she is resisting, protesting, the awareness of something; or that something is going on too long. Or it can indicate the presence of something that the viewer is finding hard to be aware of, i.e., to confront. When and if the viewer does confront it, the baseline will drop, and she will often say something to indicate that she has acquired a new awareness.

    The baseline value has important significance. People who are in a lower than usual state of awareness or awareness because of drugs, alcohol, or sleep deprivation–or who are buried in an unconfrontable amount of emotional charge–tend to have a high baseline value. People who are overwhelmed to the point of being anxious and hyper-vigilant tend to have a low baseline value.

    Besides moving up or down, the needle can display other significant characteristics. A viewer’s needle may be either “smooth” or “rough.” A smooth needle is one that is simply rising or falling but not doing much else, unless it is responding to what the facilitator or viewer is saying. A rough needle displays a lot of extra, unexpected motions. It is choppy, like the surface of a lake on a windy day. A smooth needle indicates that the viewer is in good communication with the facilitator. She is saying what is on her mind. A rough needle indicates that the viewer is not in good communication with the facilitator. Normally, if the viewer has a thought about something that is emotionally charged, the needle will continue to react to that thought until she communicates it to the facilitator. If the viewer is continually thinking thoughts she is not talking about, that fact will show up as apparently “random” movements of the needle, unrelated to what is being said. The facilitator can smooth a rough needle by having the viewer tell him any undelivered communications. In the absence of excellent communication between viewer and Facilitator, the meter will become much less useful. We use specific communication exercises to teach facilitators how to manage and maintain such communication smoothly.

    Finally, the “tightness” or “looseness” of the needle indicates the state of the viewer’s attention. A tight needle is one that does not move very much, or moves only very slowly (usually rising). A loose needle moves around a great deal. When attention is fixed on something, the needle tends to be relatively still. When attention becomes free and can be directed freely at will, the needle becomes looser and, finally, becomes a “floating” needle. As we shall see, the floating needle phenomenon is useful in determining when an “end point” has been reached and it has thus become both safe and desirable to cease working on a particular viewing action.

    Since downward motion of the baseline is an indicator of increased awareness and reduction of charge, the total amount of downward movement of the baseline gives a rough approximation of the amount of charge addressed and resolved in a session.

    Application to Viewing

    Merely “poking around” with a GSR meter, hoping to find something interesting, is an unrewarding activity. To make proper use of a meter, we integrate its use into a systematic and effective approach, and here is where specific viewing procedures come into play. The meter is useful in two major ways: 1) assessing for issues to handle, and 2) knowing when to stop.

    1. Assessing

    The meter is useful in discovering which of the themes or issues that concern the viewer to address first. As mentioned above, a drop in skin resistance reveals an alerting response. The meter responds to things that are just a little way below the viewer’s “awareness threshold”, things of which the viewer is just barely unaware or not fully aware. If the meter responds when an item is presented to the viewer, it indicates that there is something the viewer is not yet fully aware of but that lies just below the surface–and that she will be able to find it by looking. It also indicates that the item is charged. In other words, the meter responds to items that will be fruitful to address. If something is uncharged, the meter will not respond. If the viewer is already fully aware of it, the meter will not respond. Also, if the item is too heavily charged and too far below the viewer’s awareness threshold, the meter will also not respond to its being presented. So the meter is very helpful in enabling the facilitator to decide what to work on. Moreover, by noting differences in the sizes of responses, it is easy for the facilitator to decide which item to address first: the one with the largest response, because that is the one that lies closest to the surface. Once the viewer has handled one item, she is now capable of becoming aware of something else that might hitherto have been inaccessible.

    If a facilitator tries to handle an unresponding item, he will either be

    a. Trying to fix something that doesn’t need fixing, or
    b. Trying to unearth something the viewer is not yet ready to confront.

    Either she will not be able to find what she is looking for, or, when she finds it, it will be too overwhelming to handle, and the session the facilitator is giving will itself become yet another traumatic incident for the viewer.

    Empirically, we have found that the meter responds virtually instantaneously (within a quarter of a second) at the moment the viewer’s attention goes to a charged item. Normally, this is at the exact point when the item is mentioned by either the viewer or the facilitator. In the former case, it might precede verbalization if the viewer thinks about the item before she mentions it. In practice, it is usually easy to see to what the meter is responding.

    As you might imagine, we have found that using a meter for assessment avoids all kinds of difficulty and saves a lot of time wasted in going down blind alleys. Sometimes a patient allows himself to be convinced (by a therapist or otherwise) that a certain incident or issue is central to his difficulties when, in fact, it is not. Such “authoritative” evaluations can produce unwarranted and sometimes unmanageable feelings of guilt or confusion in the recipient.

    Therapists, for instance, had told one Vietnam PTSD survivor, repeatedly and emphatically, that the majority of his difficulties stemmed not from his combat experiences in Vietnam at age 18, but from the “fact” that he had never “properly processed” the death of his mother. When his facilitator told him that the incident of his mother’s death was not responding on the meter (and thus did not appear to have significant emotional charge connected with it), the vet experienced enormous and quite visible relief. His feelings of guilt–over not having been traumatized by something he had been led to believe should have traumatized him–vanished, and for the first time, he became able to address effectively the issues and incidents that truly were the source of his unhappiness.

    2. Knowing When to Stop

    When the viewer has reached a good point of resolution on a viewing procedure, we say that she has reached an “end point,” in which certain phenomena appear that show that she has completed the procedure. These phenomena usually appear in the following order:

    1. Floating Needle. The first sign of an impending end point is usually the appearance of a floating needle, one which is loose and moves freely back and forth with no particular directionality to it. A floating needle is often immediately preceded by a major baseline drop. The floating needle indicates that the viewer’s attention has become un-fixed from an issue on which it had been fixed.

    2. Realization. The viewer will usually voice some kind of realization or insight, a reflection of the fact that she is becoming more aware.

    3. Good Indicators. She will appear happy or relieved. Sometimes she will laugh or say something cheerful. In the absence of good indicators, no end point has occurred. In Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR), we commonly see two additional parts of an end point:

    4. Extroversion. The viewer, who has had her attention fixed on a past incident during the procedure, now opens her eyes or otherwise indicates at her attention is now back in present time. She will usually look at the facilitator or at the room, or make some comment about something in the here and now.

    5. Intention Expressed. Often, the viewer will explicitly voice one or more intentions she formulated at the time of the traumatic incident. When the facilitator sees an end point, the most important thing he must do is to stop. In most of the activities of life, it is recognized as a general principle that there is a good point at which to stop doing what you are doing. When you are baking a cake, you wait until the indicators appear that show that it is done the right amount: it should be a certain degree of brownness; when you stick a toothpick into it, it should not come out gooey, etc. It would, of course, be wrong to think that because the cake has become nicely baked after an hour, that it would be even better if you let it go for two hours! And that’s true in viewing as well. This may seem to be an obvious point, but surprisingly it neglected in many forms of therapy.

    When the facilitator sees a floating needle, it alerts him to look for the other indicators of an end point, and if those indicators appear, he must stop. If the facilitator continues past the end point and goes on asking the viewer to look for more charged material, she will start to wander around more or less randomly in her mind, and will end up restimulating a lot of things that she will not be able to resolve with the current procedure. If the facilitator overruns an end point in this way, the floating needle will cease and the baseline will start to rise rapidly as the viewer contacts charged material. If the facilitator sees this rapidly rising baseline, he can resolve it by having the viewer spot the end point that was missed earlier. That should bring the baseline back down and recover the floating needle.

    Ingredients Essential to Viewing

    Success in viewing has three major prerequisites:

    1. The area to be examined must be charged and accessible.
    2. Proper procedure must be used.
    3. A safe environment must be established.

    In this essay, I have limited myself to discussing the first two points, but the third is equally important and is a major focus in our TIR courses and workshops. It is necessary to establish a completely non-judgmental, person-centered environment in which there is no interpretation and no statement of the facilitator’s opinions about anything. All insights are spontaneously generated by the client. Only in such an environment can GSR biomonitoring be helpful at all to the client, and observing changes in the GSR manifestations can help to show the facilitator when he has done something to sabotage the safeness of the session. That also gives the facilitator the opportunity to correct his mistake rapidly and completely before continuing.


    [Figure 1]


    [Figure 2]


    1.0 600
    1.5 2,500
    2.0 5,000
    3.0 12,500
    4.0 26,500
    5.0 62,000
    5.5 100,500
    6.0 280,000

    [Figure 3]

    Typical GSR Meter Baseline Settings

    High Baseline Sleep deprived, on drugs or alcohol, or too much to confront.
    Low Baseline Overwhelmed, anxious, hyper-vigilant.

    Rising Baseline Protest, resistance, decreased awareness, or an effort to repress. Or something is going on too long.
    Falling Baseline Increased awareness, successful confronting, discovery, insight.

    Rising Needle See above, under “Rising Baseline.”
    Failing Needle The presence of something charged that is close to awareness.

    Smooth Needle Viewer in good communication with the facilitator.
    Rough Needle Viewer not in good communication with the facilitator; viewer has undelivered communications.

    Tight Needle Fixed attention or something unresolved.
    Floating Needle Resolution achieved, attention free.

    Permission was granted by TIRA (Traumatic Incident Reduction Association, formerly the Institute for Research in Metapsychology) to reprint ‘Biomonitoring as an Aid to Viewing’ by Frank A. Gerbode, M.D., in this issue of The Free Spirit. It originally appeared in the Winter ’92-’93 Newsletter of the Institute for Research in Metapsychology. Please do not reproduce this article without written permission from TIRA.
    This entry was posted in Articles. Bookmark the permalink. Comments are closed, but you can leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

    50 Trackbacks

    1. By best kona coffee beans on December 5, 2017 at 11:16 pm

      best kona coffee beans

      […]we came across a cool web-site that you simply may possibly delight in. Take a look should you want[…]

    2. By sipilis pada pria on December 6, 2017 at 3:50 am

      Jual Obat kutil kelamin

      Informasi Berbagai macam Penyakit dalam dan kelamin sprti sipilis raja singa,kutil kelamin,kencing nanah,wasir dan ambeien ,kanker dan penyakit kulit dompo,Herpes Kelamin zoster genital simplex dan Kelamin bernanah atau kencing bernanah Herbal cepat se…

    3. By monday dhamal on December 6, 2017 at 4:38 am

      monday dhamal

      […]we came across a cool website which you may well appreciate. Take a appear for those who want[…]

    4. By buy vigra online on December 6, 2017 at 10:59 am

      buy vigra online

      […]one of our guests just lately advised the following website[…]

    5. By rechargeable vibrator on December 6, 2017 at 4:45 pm

      rechargeable vibrator

      […]usually posts some incredibly intriguing stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

    6. By lubricant for sex toys on December 6, 2017 at 9:30 pm

      lubricant for sex toys

      […]very handful of web-sites that happen to become detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly worth checking out[…]

    7. By kemaluan sakit saat pipis on December 7, 2017 at 7:00 am

      Waspada Sex bebas rentan penyakit kelamin

      Sedia obat untuk penyakit sipilis raja singa,kutil kelamin,kencing nanah,wasir dan ambeien ,kanker dan penyakit kulit dompo,Herpes Kelamin zoster genital simplex dan Kelamin bernanah atau kencing bernanah Herbal cepat sembuh

    8. By Orlando SEO on December 7, 2017 at 7:54 am

      Orlando SEO

      […]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I like but don?t get a lot of link love from[…]

    9. By prostate vibrater on December 7, 2017 at 7:56 am

      prostate vibrater

      […]the time to read or take a look at the content or sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

    10. By clitoral stimulation on December 7, 2017 at 5:25 pm

      clitoral stimulation

      […]please stop by the sites we comply with, like this a single, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

    11. By Smartphone on December 7, 2017 at 11:57 pm


      […]one of our visitors a short while ago suggested the following website[…]

    12. By obat kutil di anus on December 8, 2017 at 2:51 am

      Order obat sipilis? Disini saja!

      Sedia obat untuk penyakit sipilis raja singa,kutil kelamin,kencing nanah,wasir dan ambeien ,kanker dan penyakit kulit dompo,Herpes Kelamin zoster genital simplex dan Kelamin bernanah atau kencing bernanah Herbal cepat sembuh

    13. By anal sex trainer kit on December 8, 2017 at 12:04 pm

      anal sex trainer kit

      […]check beneath, are some totally unrelated web sites to ours, having said that, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

    14. By stroker porn on December 8, 2017 at 3:48 pm

      stroker porn

      […]very few web sites that happen to become comprehensive below, from our point of view are undoubtedly well worth checking out[…]

    15. By خرید اپل آیدی on December 8, 2017 at 6:52 pm

      خرید اپل ایدی

      please go to the websites we adhere to, such as this one particular particular, as it signifies our picks via the internet

    16. By اپل ایدی on December 8, 2017 at 6:57 pm

      خرید اپل ایدی

      Just beneath, are a great deal of absolutely not relevant web internet sites to ours, nonetheless, they might be absolutely really really worth going over.

    17. By خرید apple id on December 8, 2017 at 7:03 pm

      خرید اپل ایدی

      Hey! I know this is somewhat off matter but I was wondering which website platform are you making use of for this website? I’m acquiring sick and tired of WordPress simply because I have experienced problems with hackers and I’m hunting at choices for…

    18. By huge dong on December 8, 2017 at 11:21 pm

      huge dong

      […]one of our guests not too long ago suggested the following website[…]

    19. By خرید vpn on December 9, 2017 at 8:09 pm

      سایت کریو میکر

      Quite! This has been a genuinely superb write-up. Many thanks for offering this info.

    20. By خرید وی پی ان on December 9, 2017 at 9:23 pm

      سایت کریو میکر

      Just beneath, are a whole lot of totally not related web web sites to ours, however, they may possibly be surely really worth likely in excess of.

    21. By خرید کریو on December 9, 2017 at 9:26 pm

      سایت کریو میکر

      I completely adore your blog and locate a whole lot of your post’s to be exactly I’m searching for. Does one offer you visitor writers to create content obtainable for you? I would not mind creating a put up or elaborating on a couple of of the subject…

    22. By finger vibrator on December 9, 2017 at 11:45 pm

      finger vibrator

      […]although internet websites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they’re actually really worth a go via, so have a look[…]

    23. By life size sex doll on December 10, 2017 at 12:11 am

      life size sex doll

      […]The facts mentioned in the post are several of the very best accessible […]

    24. By خرید vpn on December 10, 2017 at 5:30 am

      سایت کریو میکر

      Appreciating the time and effort you put into your weblog and in depth info you offer. It is fantastic to appear throughout a website every after in a even though that isn’t the identical unwelcome rehashed data. Wonderful read through! I have saved yo…

    25. By خرید کریو on December 10, 2017 at 5:33 am

      خرید کریو

      right here are some back links to internet pages that we url to given that we really feel they are really really worth going to

    26. By خرید vpn برای کامپیوتر on December 10, 2017 at 5:38 am

      خرید vpn برای کامپیوتر

      right here are some links to web internet pages that we url to since we truly feel they are genuinely worth visiting

    27. By خرید کریو پر سرعت on December 10, 2017 at 5:43 am

      خرید کریو پر سرعت

      When I to begin with commented I clicked the “Notify me when new feedback are added” checkbox and now each and every time a comment is included I get a few email messages with the same remark. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thank…

    28. By first time strapon on December 10, 2017 at 11:29 am

      first time strapon

      […]check beneath, are some absolutely unrelated web sites to ours, however, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

    29. By best clitoral vibrator on December 10, 2017 at 2:04 pm

      best clitoral vibrator

      […]that will be the end of this post. Here you will discover some sites that we consider you?ll enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

    30. By obat herbal wasir on December 11, 2017 at 8:28 pm

      Waspada Sex bebas rentan penyakit kelamin

      Sedia obat untuk penyakit sipilis raja singa,kutil kelamin,kencing nanah,wasir dan ambeien ,kanker dan penyakit kulit dompo,Herpes Kelamin zoster genital simplex dan Kelamin bernanah atau kencing bernanah Herbal cepat sembuh

    31. By learn to play harmonica on December 11, 2017 at 8:57 pm

      learn to play harmonica

      […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated data, nonetheless definitely worth taking a search, whoa did one learn about Mid East has got additional problerms as well […]

    32. By followers on December 11, 2017 at 11:42 pm


      […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated data, nonetheless really really worth taking a search, whoa did one study about Mid East has got additional problerms also […]

    33. By womens affordable clothing on December 12, 2017 at 2:59 pm

      womens affordable clothing

      […]below you?ll come across the link to some internet sites that we feel you ought to visit[…]

    34. By best lubricant for anal sex on December 14, 2017 at 2:42 am

      best lubricant for anal sex

      […]The information and facts mentioned inside the post are a few of the most effective out there […]

    35. By Usb rechargeable vibrator on December 14, 2017 at 3:01 am

      Usb rechargeable vibrator

      […]below you will discover the link to some sites that we consider you should visit[…]

    36. By Penis Extension on December 14, 2017 at 6:09 am

      Penis Extension

      […]here are some hyperlinks to web pages that we link to because we consider they may be really worth visiting[…]

    37. By penis pump price on December 14, 2017 at 4:33 pm

      penis pump price

      […]just beneath, are many absolutely not related sites to ours, on the other hand, they are surely really worth going over[…]

    38. By Hot Tube on December 15, 2017 at 1:39 am

      Hot Tube

      […]although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they may be in fact worth a go as a result of, so possess a look[…]

    39. By vacancy in har​yana on December 15, 2017 at 4:05 am

      vacancy in har​yana

      […]here are some hyperlinks to sites that we link to since we think they’re worth visiting[…]

    40. By carpet cleaning fort lauderdale fl on December 15, 2017 at 7:00 am

      carpet cleaning fort lauderdale fl

      […]very few internet sites that come about to be detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly really worth checking out[…]

    41. By cara menghilangkan kutil di kemaluan di Denpasar on December 15, 2017 at 8:24 am

      cara alami menghilangkan kutil di kemaluan

      sangat menambah wawasan

    42. By rotating rabbit on December 16, 2017 at 12:27 am

      rotating rabbit

      […]Every after inside a while we opt for blogs that we read. Listed below would be the most recent web sites that we pick […]

    43. By 卡巴熊 on December 17, 2017 at 4:59 am


      […]always a massive fan of linking to bloggers that I appreciate but really don’t get a whole lot of link like from[…]

    44. By Bestecktaschen Modell Doubletto on December 17, 2017 at 10:14 am

      Bestecktaschen Modell Doubletto

      […]please visit the websites we follow, including this a single, as it represents our picks through the web[…]

    45. By kona coffee organic gourmet coffee beans on December 17, 2017 at 7:41 pm

      kona coffee organic gourmet coffee beans

      Enjoy high quality gourmet Kona Peaberry Coffee and pure Kona Coffee in whole beans, grinds, filter packs and 100% Kona Coffee single serve K-cups all fresh from the Kona estate store.

    46. By making money from home on December 18, 2017 at 10:05 pm

      making money from home

      […]very few web sites that occur to be comprehensive below, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely really worth checking out[…]

    47. By cara mengobati ambeien on December 18, 2017 at 11:06 pm

      Biomonitoring as an Aid to Viewing

      Booming financial teknologi (fintech) di Indonesia dalam dua tahun terakhir membuat sistem pembayaran berubah. Dorongan penggunaan transaksi nontunai (cashless) secara perlahan namun pasti mulai familiar bagi masyarakat Indonesia. Misalnya untuk pembay…

    48. By 美容外科 on December 21, 2017 at 11:51 am


      […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

    49. By laser tube support on December 22, 2017 at 1:49 am

      laser tube support

      […]we came across a cool web site which you could possibly take pleasure in. Take a search if you want[…]

    50. By pure kona coffee on December 22, 2017 at 5:57 am

      pure kona coffee

      100% Kona Coffee is so gourmet you’ll be tempted to drive to Hawaii. Enjoy the best quality pure Kona Coffee Beans shipped to your door, no splash required.

    • Sign up here to be notified about Email Newsletter icon, E-mail Newsletter icon, Email List icon, E-mail List icon

      • Upcoming Trainings and Workshops!
      • Free Teleseminars & Webinars
      • New Products!
      • Discounts
      Enter Your Email

      For Email Marketing you can trust